The Extension of Tofu Shelf-Life with Water-Soluble Degraded Chitosan as Immersion Solution

수용성 키토산분해물질을 침지액으로 이용한 두부의 저장성 증대

  • Published : 1997.06.01

Abstract

For the effect of water-soluble degraded chitosan on the shelf-life of tofu, sterilized distilled water, 0.5% degraded chitosan, 0.5% fumaric acid and 0.5% lactic acid used as an tofu-immersion solutions were investigated by microbial counts, pH, and turbidity during the periods of storage at $4^{\circ}C$. After 2 weeks storage, total aerobic microbial counts in tap water and sterilized distilled water used as an immersion solution were $3.8\;{\times}\;10^8$ and $1.8\;{\times}\;10^8\;CFU/mL$, respectively. In 0.5% fumaric acid and 0.5% lactic acid immersion solutions, the microbial counts were around $10^7\;CFU/mL$ after 2 weeks while the microbial population in 0.5% water-soluble degraded chitosan were, however, $1.6\;{\times}\;10^5\;CFU/mL$ after 2 weeks and $1.7{\times}10^7\;CFU/mL$ after 3 weeks. The lag phase of initial contaminated microbes in 0.5% degraded chitosan solution was longer than those of other treatments. The addition of 0.5% fumaric acid and 0.5% lactic acid decreased the initial pH to pH 5.0, while those of tap water, sterilized distilled water and 0.5% degraded chitosan stabilized the immersion solution at around pH 7.2. All initial pH values were decreased during storage and then slowly increased as storage time was increased. The turbidities in all treatments were increased during storage, but the addition of 0.5% degraded chitosan showed the lowest change, compared to other treatments, showing that the water-soluble degraded chitosan has a good antimicrobial effect and has a potential use to extend the shelf-life of tofu product.

Keywords

water-soluble degraded chitosan;tofu;immersion solution