The Preparation of Yogurt from Egg White Powder and Milk Products

난백분말과 유제품을 이용한 요구르트의 제조

  • Ko, Young-Tae (Department of Foods and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University)
  • 고영태 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1997.06.01

Abstract

Gel-type yogurt was prepared from egg white powder (3%, w/v), glucose (2%, w/v) and four kinds of milk products (4%, w/v). The effects of milk product on acid production and growth of Lactobacillus were studied. The effects of milk product on sensory property and volatile aroma compounds were also studied. Acid production by L. acidophilus at 24 hr in samples containing milk product was significantly lower than that by L. acidophilus in milk (p<0.05). The sample containing casein produced less acid than the other samples. Number of viable cells of L. acidophilus at 24 hr in milk and samples containing milk product was $2.0{\times}10^{9}/mL$ and $5.0{\times}10^{8}{\sim}8.0{\times}10^{8}/mL$, respectively. Sensory property of the samples containing milk product was lower than that of milk yogurt (reference). However, sensory property of the sample containing casein was not significantly different from that of milk yogurt (p<0.05). The sample containing whey powder showed lower sensory score than other samples. Though the composition of volatile aroma compounds was slightly different from sample to sample, gas chromatographic analysis detected acetone, ethanol, diacetyl and acetoin in samples fermented by L. acidophilus.

Keywords

yogurt;egg white;milk product;Lactobacillus