Rice Fermentation by Korean Amylolytic Bifidobacterium spp.

한국인유래의 Amylolytic Bifidobacterium 에 의한 쌀발효

  • Published : 1997.06.01

Abstract

For bifidus fermentation food, gelatinized rice solution was fermented without liquefaction/saccharification by amylolytic Bifidobacterium spp. isolated from Korean. Eighteen amylolytic Bifidobcterium on the starch agar were isolated from 38 Korean and four strains were finally selected as good amylase producers. The most enzyme-producing strain of Bif. sp. FBD-12 secreted extracellular amylase of 0.17 U/mg and intracelluar amylase of 1.8 U/mg. Three strains of Bif. sp. FBD-12, Bif. sp. FBD-16 and Bif. sp. FBD-17 also showed good growth on pH controlled media by HCI/acetic acid to pH 5.0 while Bif. sp. FBD-6 was not so tolerant that viable cell counts reduced to $10^2\;CFU/mL$ times on the media. Initial cell number of $10^6\;CFU/mL$ for those strains reached to $10^9\;CFU/mL$ on the rice medium supplemented with yeast extract (0.2%) and cysteine (0.05%). Ascorbic acid instead of cysteine was added to the medium for improving off-flavour and the best growth was shown at 0.1% addition. Isolated soybean proteins (ISP) of 3% accelerated the growth of the strains. Maximum count of $10^9\;CFU/mL$ reached within 12 hour fermentation on the rice medium with ascorbic acid and isolated soybean protein instead of 32 hours on the cysteine medium, and total acidity increased from 0.5% to 1% on each media. Reducing sugar in the ascorbic acid/ISP cultures generally increased especially 2 mg/mL to 15.5 mg/mL for Bif. sp. FBD-6. From sensory evaluation, the products showed good acceptability so that it suggested possibility of development of bifidus-fermented rice food.

Keywords

Bifidobacterium spp.;amylase;ascorbic acid;rice fermentation