In vitro Inhibitory Activity on Rat Intestinal Mucosa ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ by Rice Hull Extract

왕겨추출물의 쥐소장점막 ${\alpha}-glucosidase$에 대한 in vitro에서의 저해효과

  • Published : 1997.06.01

Abstract

In order to search for the way to utilize rice hull as a renewable resource, the inhibition on ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ and the fractionation of rice hull extract was investigated. An ethanol extract of rice hull from Japonica-type rice seeds exhibited 30% inhibitory activity on rat intestinal brush border ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ (1.4 mU/mL) in vitro at the concentration of 0.8 mg/mL using 6 mM p-nitrophenyl ${\alpha}-D-glucopyranoside$ as a substrate $(IC_{50}\;162\;mg/mL)$. Among the fractions obtained by partitioning the ethanol extract successively with solvents, the ethyl acetate fraction at the concentration of 0.8 mg/mL was found to exhibit the most potent inhibitory activity i.e. 65% inhibition of ${\alpha}-glucosidase\;(IC_{50}\;0.14\;mg/mL)$. Silica gel column chromatography of the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited slightly higher (90%) inhibitory activity, and its subsequent fractionation by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography did not improve inhibitory activity. Considering the inhibitory activity and yield, the ethyl acetate fraction obtained by the solvent-partitioning process would be a candidate for the hypoglycemic food if it has in vivo effectiveness.

Keywords

rice hull;ethanol extract;${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activity