- Volume 21 Issue 2
Numerical calculations has been performed for the flow and heat transfer to a circular cylinder from a hot circular impinging air jet. The characteristics of the flow and heat transfer are investigated and compared with the two-dimensional flow. The present study lays emphasis on the investigation on the flow and heat transfer of the three-dimensionality. The effects of the buoyancy force and the size of jet are also studied. The noticeable difference between the three and the two-dimensional cases is that there is axial flow of low temperature into the center-plane of the cylinder from the outside in the recirculation region. Local Nusselt number over the cylinder surface has higher value for the large jet as compared with that of the small jet since the energy loss of hot jet to the ambient air decreases with increase of the jet size. As buoyancy force increases the flow accelerates so that the period of cooling by the ambient air is reduced, which results in higher local Nusselt number over the surface.
원형 실린더;유한체적법;충돌하는 고온의 층류 제트;3차원 유동;변하는 물성치