A study on the clamping type forging of helical gear

헬리컬기어의 구속형 단조에 관한 연구

  • Choi, J.C. ;
  • Choi, Y. ;
  • Tak, S.J. ;
  • Cho, H.Y.
  • 최재찬 ;
  • 최영 ;
  • 탁성준 ;
  • 조해용
  • Published : 1997.11.01


In this paper, the clamping type forging of helical gears has been investigated. Clamping type forging is an operation in which the product is constrained to extrude sideways through an orifice in the container wall. Punch is cylindrical shaped. The punch compresses a cylindrical bilet placed in a die insetr. As a consequence the material flows in a direction perpendicular to that of punch movement. The forging has been analysed by using the upper-bound method. A kinematically admissible velocity field has been developed, wherein, an involute curve has been introduce to re4present tooth profile of the gear. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effects of various parameters, such as module, number of teeth, helix angle, friction factor and initial height of billet on the forging of helical gears. Some firgiing experiments were catrried out with aluminium alloy to show the validity of the analysis. Good agreement was found between the predicted values of the forging load and obtained from the experimental results.


Forging of Helical Gear;Clamping Type Forging;Upper-bound Analysis;Forging Experiment