The Synthesis and Mechanical Property of Calcium Silicate Hydrates Using the Amorphous Silicates

비정질 규산원료를 이용한 칼슘실리케이트 수화물 합성과 역학적 특성

  • 엄태선 (쌍용중앙연구소 콘크리트연구실) ;
  • 최연묵 (한양대학교 무기재료공학과) ;
  • 최상흘 (한양대학교 무기재료공학과)
  • Published : 1997.01.01


Various kinds of amorphous silicates were used as raw materials to synthesize building materials based on calcium silicate hydrates. Relationships between the reactivities of silicates and castabilities of the building materials were investigated. In addition, effects of the reactivities of silicates on the mechanical properties of casted specimens were studied by analyzing microstructures and hydrates produced. As the reactivity of silicate increase, the press castability increases and the crystal size of hydrate and pore size also increase. For the mechanical properties, the flexural strength increases with decreasing crystal size and densifing microstructure. The compressive strength is greatly dependent on the den-sification of microstructure rather than crystal size of hydrate. Based on the results, diatomous ma-terials are desirable due to high reactivity and formation of densified microstructure. Slag and fly ash may be partially used as raw materials with amorphous silicates to manufacture building materials based on calcium silicate hydrates.


Calcium silicate hydrates;Amophous silicates;Microstructure;Autoclave curing;Building material


  1. Symp. on School of Pharmacy(University of London) v.May18-21 Review of Autoclaved Calcium Silicates H.F.W. Taylor
  2. J. Ceram. Soc. Japan. v.102 no.12 Influence of Starting Materials on the Formation of 1.1nm Tobermorite Y. Okada
  3. Gypsum & Lime no.214 Tobermorite and Calcium Silicate Products T. Mitsuda
  4. Proc. Fourth Int. Symp. on Chemistry of Cement v.1 Thermodynamics of the Hardening Processes of Cement Mchedlov-Petrosyan
  5. Gypsum & Lime no.229 Advances in Hydrated Calcium Silicate Materials T. Mitsuda
  6. Proc. Fourth Int. Symp. on Chemistry of Cement v.1 The Influence of High-pressure Steam on the Process of Hardening of Calcium and Magnesium Silicates and Cements of Different Copositions P.I. Bozhenov;V.I. Kavalerova;V.S. Salnikova;G.F. Suvorova