Antioxidative Activity of Acylated Anthocyanin Isolated from Fruit and Vegetables

  • Park, Sang-Won (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung) ;
  • Chang, Eun-Ju (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung) ;
  • Ha, Tae-Youl (Korea Food Research Institute, Rice Research Group) ;
  • Park, Kyoung-Ho (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung)
  • Published : 1997.09.01

Abstract

The antioxidative activity of seven different acylated anthocyanin pigments isolated from grape, sweet potato, eggplant and red cabbage was evaluated bvy using linoleic acid autoxidation and rat liver microsomal systems. The acylated anthocyanins were isolated and purified by Amberlite SAD-7, ODS and Sephadex LH-20 column omatography, and preparative HPLC. Most of acylated anthocyanisns exhibited antioxidative activity as strong as $\alpha$-tocoperol, and especially peonidin3-O--(6-O-trans-caffeyl)-2-O-(6-O-trans-feuloylglucopyranosyl)-$\beta$-D-glucopyranosyl-5-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside from purple sweet potato showed the strongest activity, comparable to BHA (not significant, p<0.05) in the linoleic acid system. Meanwhile, two acylated anthocyanins from the pericarps of grape and eggplant inhibited considerably the MDA formation from rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by FeSO$_4$/$H_2O$$_2$. In particular, malvidin 3-O-(6-O-p-coumaroyl)-$\beta$-D-glucopyranosde from grape pericarps showed the strongest antioxidant activity, comparable to $\alpha$-tocopherol (not significant, p<0.05). These results suggest that the acylated anthocyanins from fruits and vegetables can be used as potential dietary ntioxidants and natural colorants.