A Study on the Cytotoxic Effect of Heavy metals (Cd, Ni, Zn) on Cultured Mouse Fibroblast L929 Cell line

생쥐 배양섬유 모세포주 L929에 미치는 중금속(Cd, Ni, Zn)류의 세포독성에 관한 연구

  • 이종빈 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 나명석 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 황영진 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 위성욱 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 최진희 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 김선희 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 유춘만 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 김재민 (동신전문대학 안경광학과)
  • Published : 1997.06.01


The study on the cytotoxicity of heavy metals was carried out to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of those on mouse L929 fibroblast cell in 96-well microtiter plates. The cytotoxicity was assayed by the neutral red, tetrazolium MTT, total protein, micronuclei test. The cytotoxicity of the heavy metals by neutral red and tetrazolium MTT was showed in order, cadmium > zinc > nickel for the cationic metals tested. The effect of metal-metal interaction on the cytotoxicity showed a marked reduction of cadmium toxicity by zinc, to a lesser degree, by nickel. The amount of total protein in treated group added heavy metals was less than that of the control and treated cadmium alone was less than those of combination with nickel or zinc. At midpoint cytotoxicity values of heavy metals, the frequency of micronuclei on the cell treated heavy metals was more than that of control and treated cadmium alone was more than those of combination with nickel or zinc. From those results, it could be suggested that the heavy metals decreased the viability of mouse fibroblast L929 cells in a concentration-dependent manner and have cytogenic toxic effects, but mixed group decreased the cytotoxic and cytogenic toxicity on L929 cells.