Depletion of Nitrite by Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi(I)

김치에서 분리한 유산균에 의한 아질산염 소모(I)

  • 오창경 (제주대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 오명철 (제주대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 현재석 (제주전문대학 식품영양과) ;
  • 최우정 (대구효성가톨릭대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 이신호 (대구효성가톨릭대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 김수현 (제주대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1997.08.01

Abstract

Twenty species of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from Kimchi. Six species were identified as Lactobacillus sake, ten species as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and four species as Lactobacillus plantarum. The ability of these isolates to deplete nitrite during growth at 15, 20, 25 and 3$0^{\circ}C$ in MRS broth containing 250$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ of nitrite was examined. Depletion of nitrite was high as the order of L. plantarum, L. sake and L. mesenteroides at all temperature tested, and the depletion activity was increased as the increase of growth temperatures. Especially, almost all of nitrites were utilized by L. plantarum during growth at all temperature ranges tested. L. plantarum and L. sake required induction periods for adapting to nitrite, but L. plantarum was remarkably depleted nitrite after two days of growth at 15$^{\circ}C$ and one day at 2$0^{\circ}C$, L. sake after one day of growth at both temperatures. Whereas, L. mesentero-ides did not require those periods at all temperature ranges tested.

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