Rapid identification and toxin type analysis of Clostridium perfringens isolated from healthy or diseased stocks with necrotic enteritis in chichen

닭의 괴사성 장염 및 건강 계군에서 분리한 Clostridium perfringens의 신속동정 및 독소형 분석

  • 김홍집 ((주)미원 축산과학연구소) ;
  • 강문일 (전남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 정운익 ((주)미원 축산과학연구소)
  • Received : 1996.05.18
  • Published : 1997.03.25


About Clostridium perfringens causing clinically necrotic enteritis or isolated from the intestinal contens of healthy chicken, We examined the usefulness of a rapid identification method by gas-liquid chromatography as well as the types of toxins. For this study, there were used 169 chickens including 116 broilers, 27 layers and 26 breeders which collected from 9 healty flock and 21 diseased flock showing necrotic enteritis. Among them, Cl perfringens was isolated from 30 chickens(17.8%) including 7 breeders(26.9%), 5 layers(18.5%) and 18 broilers(15.5%). Isolation of Cl perfringens was mainly from ceca (100%) and followed by small intestines(70.0%) and livers(16.7%), respectively. Average concentration of the pathogen in intestinal contents was $10^{3.8}CFU/g$ in cases occuring necrotic enteritis and on the contrary $10^{3.8}CFU/g$ in healthy cases. All isolates tested showed the same characterstics in biochemical tests compared to those in standard strain. Analysis of gas-liquid chromatography to volatile fatty acids produced by Cl perfringens in PYG broth showed the typical peaks of acetic and butyric acids compatible with the standard chromogram and was confirmed as a effective and reliable tool for rapid identification of the bacteria. Toxin types of 30 strains were mostly classified in A type(26 isolates) and the rest in C type(2 isolates) and unidentifed type(2 isolates). All the isolates were highly susceptible to amphicillin, amoxicillin and cephalothin.