Effects of high glucose concentration on IGF-I binding and glucose transporters in renal proximal tubule cells

신장 근위세뇨관세포에서 고포도당이 IGF-I 결합과 포도당운반계에 미치는 영향

  • Han, Ho-jae (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Park, Kwon-moo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Son, Chang-ho (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Yoon, Yong-dal (College of Natural Science, Hanyang University, Hormone Research Center)
  • 한호재 (전남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 박권무 (전남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 손창호 (전남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 윤용달 (한양대학교 자연과학대학, 호르몬연구센터)
  • Received : 1997.03.02
  • Published : 1997.06.25

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a wide range of pathophysiological in the kidney. This study was designed to examine the effects of high glucose concentration on IGF-I binding and glucose transporters in renal proximal tubule cells. The results were as follows : The binding of $^{125}I-IGF-I$ reached the peak at the 30 minutes and gradually decreased by the time dependent manner. The binding of $^{125}I-IGF-I$ was inhibited by the unlabelled IGF-I($10^{-14}{\sim}10^{-8}M$) in a concentration dependent manner. The relative affinity of IGF-I receptor for IGF-I, IGF-II and insulin exhibited typical type 1 binding(IGF-I > insulin > IGF-II). However IGF-II did not compete for the cultured cell membrane $^{125}I-IGF-I$ binding site at $10^{-14}{\sim}10^{-8}M$. Under optimal conditions, IGF-I binding to the membranes from 5mM and 20mM glucose treated cells was analyzed. It was found that 20mM glucose treated cells exhibited higher binding activity for IGF-I. In order to further substantiate this increase in IGF-I binding sites, we performed affinity-labelling studies. The cross-linked cell membrane subjected to SDS-PAGE; labelled material was detected by autoradiography. 20mM glucose treated cells exhibited higher levels. The initial rate of $methyl-{\alpha}-D-glucopyranoside({\alpha}-MG)$ uptake was significantly lower($74.41{\pm}6.71%$) in monolayers treated with 20mM glucose than those of 5mM glucose. However, 3-O-methyl-D-glucose(3-O-MG) uptake was not affected by glucose concentration in culture media. IGF-I significantly increased ${\alpha}-MG$ uptake in both 5mM and 20mM glucose treated cells. However, 3-O-MG uptake was not affected by IGF-I in both conditions. In conclusion, 20mM glucose increased binding sites of $^{125}I-IGF-I$, inhibited Na/glucose cotransporter activity. But 20mM glucose did not change facilitated glucose transporter.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단