Testicular toxicity of DA-125, a new anthracycline anticancer agent, in beagle dogs

비글견에 있어서 새로운 안트라싸이클린계 항암제 DA-125의 정소독성연구

  • Kim, Jong-choon (Toxicology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Cha, Shin-woo (Toxicology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Song, Si-whan (Toxicology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Chung, Moon-koo (Toxicology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology)
  • 김종춘 (한국화학연구소 안전성연구센터) ;
  • 차신우 (한국화학연구소 안전성연구센터) ;
  • 송시환 (한국화학연구소 안전성연구센터) ;
  • 정문구 (한국화학연구소 안전성연구센터)
  • Received : 1996.08.19
  • Published : 1997.06.25

Abstract

To assess the testicular toxicity induced by DA-125, a new anthracycline anticancer agent, the test substance was intraveneously administered to male beagle dogs at dose levels of 0, 0.0023, 0.0375, 0.15, and 0.6 mg/kg/day, 6 days a week for 26 weeks. At 0.6 mg/kg/day, 1 out of 3 dogs had died on day 42 of treatment and the other dogs were sacrificed on days 46 and 122 of treatment due to the increasingly severe clinical condition. Clinical signs considered to be related to treatment were included anorexia, vomiting, salivation, decreased activity, mucous and/or dark faeces, diarrhea, and swelling, abscess and/or ulceration of injection sites. Suppression in body weight gain, reduction in food intake, decreases in testicular weight and size, and hemorrhage of epididymis were also observed in male dogs. Microscopically, severe degenerative changes such as atrophy of seminiferous tubules, loss of germ cells, degeneration of germ cells, vacuolization of Sertoli cells, and hyperplasia of Leydig cells were observed in all dogs. Azoospermia in epididymal tubules, atrophy of epithelia in the cauda epididymis, and prostate atrophy were also found. At 0.15 mg/kg/day, anorexia, vomiting, salivation, diarrhea, and swelling of injection sites were observed. In addition, suppression in body weight gain and decreases in testicular weight and size were found in male dogs. Atrophy of seminiferous tubules, decrease of germ cells, degeneration, exfoliation and retention of germ cells, vacuolization of Sertoli cells, and hyperplasia of Leydig cells were observed by histopathological examination. Azoospermia in epididymal tubules and prostate atrophy were also found. At 0.0375 mg/kg/day, there were no clinical signs considered to be indicative of a reaction to treatment, but testicular size was significantly reduced. Microscopically, decreases in the number of spermatogonia and epidydimal speramtozoa were found. There were no evidences of general or testicular toxicity at 0.0023 mg/kg/day. These results indicate that DA-125 produces significant and persistent damage to the spermatogenic compartments of the testes in male beagle dogs.