Effects of Exogenous ATP on Calcium Mobilization and Cell Proliferation in C6 Glioma Cell

  • Lee, Eun-Jung (Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Cha, Seok-Ho (Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Lee, Woon-Kyu (Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Lee, Kweon-Haeng (Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University Medical College) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Bok (Department of Pharmacology, Catholic University Medical College)
  • Published : 1998.08.21

Abstract

To clarify the effect of extracellular ATP in cultured C6 glioma cells, ATP-induced cytosolic free calcium ($[Ca^{2+}]_i$) mobilization and cell proliferation were investigated. ATP-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$ increased in a dose-dependent manner $(10^{-7}\;M{\sim}10^{-3}\;M)$. ATP-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$ increases were slightly slowed in extracellular calcium-free conditions especially in sustained phase. ATP-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$ increment was also inhibited by the pretreatment of U73122, a phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor, in a time-dependent manner. Suramin, a putative $P_{2Y}$ receptor antagonist, dose-dependently weakened ATP-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$ mobilization. Significant increases in cell proliferation were observed at 2, 3, and 4 days after ATP was added. Stimulated cell proliferation was also observed with adenosine at days 2 and 3. This cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by the treatment with suramin. Ionomycin also stimulated cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, we suggest that extracellular ATP stimulates C6 glioma cell proliferation via intracellular free calcium mobilization mediated by purinoceptor.