The Effects of Intracellular Monocarboxylates on the ATP-sensitive Potassium Channels in Rabbit Ventricular Myocytes

  • Kim, Na-Ri (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Han, Jin (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Kim, Eui-Yong (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Ho, Won-Kyung (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Earm, Yung E. (Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • Published : 1998.10.21

Abstract

A regulating mechanism of the ATP-sensitive potassium channels $(K_{ATP}\;channels)$ is yet to fully explained. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of intracellular application of monocarboxylates (acetate, formate, lactate, and pyruvate) on $K_{ATP}$ channels in isolated rabbit ventricular myocytes. Single channel currents of $K_{ATP}$ channels were recorded using the excised inside-out or permeabilized attached (open-cell) patch-clamp technique at room temperature. Intracellular application of acetate, formate and pyruvate led to an inhibition of channel activity, whereas intracellular application of lactate increased channel activity. These effects were reversible upon washout. Analysis of single channel kinetics showed that monocarboxylates did not affect open-time constant and close-time constant. These results suggest that monocarboxylates participate in modulating $K_{ATP}$ channels activity in cardiac cells and that modulation of $K_{ATP}$ channels activity may resolve the discrepancy between the low $K_i$ in excised membrane patches and high levels of intracellular ATP concentration during myocardial ischemia or hypoxia.