Effect of Sex and Obese Index on Breakfast and Snack Intake in Elementary School Students

초등학생의 성별과 비만도가 아침 식사와 간식 섭취에 미치는 영향

  • Joo, Eun-Jung (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Woosuk University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Sook (Dept. of Home Economics Education, Wookwang University)
  • 주은정 (우석대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박은숙 (원광대학교 사범대학 가정교육과)
  • Published : 1998.12.30


The survey was conducted in July first to 15th, among 463 elementary school students, 4th grade to 6th grade in Chonj. The subjects were 252 male and 211 female students. The mean age of the subjects was 9.8 year The percent of relative body weight of the subjects compared to Korean standard was 100.1%, it almost matched to Korean standard. The percent of relative body weight in male students was 100.4%, where as the female's was 99.7%. Thirty six percent of the subjects have breakfast irregularly. The reason skipping breakfast were 'no appetite' 50.5%, 'get up late' 35.8%,' no delicious food' 18.2%. The reason skipping breakfast was significantly different by sex and obese index. The frequency taking snack was significantly different by sex, 34.6% of female subjects took snack more than twice per day, while 16.7% of male subjects did it. The most frequently taking snack were fruits, the points was 4.0 of 5.0. Ramyun, Sundai were taking more frequently among males than females. Females took fruits more frequently than males. Hot dog, ice cream ,and chocolate intakes were significantly different by obese index. The most preference of snack were fruits and ice cream in all subjects. The preference of ramyun, hamburger, egg, chicken, dried squid, milk, peanut, and soft drink were higher in males than in females. Biscuit, ice cream, and chocolate preference were significantly different in obese index.