Effect of Deodorizing Conditions on Formation of trans-Fatty Acids of Soybean Oil

대두유의 탈취과정에서 생성되는 trans 지방산의 정량

  • Park, Choul-Soo (Central Research Institute, Kwang-Dong Pharm. Co.) ;
  • Yoon, Kwang-Ro (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University)
  • Published : 1998.02.01


Degummed and bleached soybean oil was deodorized at a temperature range of $220{\sim}280^{\circ}C$ under the vacuum (4-5 torr) for 1 or 2 hrs. Gas chromatography with SP-2560 100 m capillary column was used to separate and quantitate fatty acid methyl esters and their isomers. Fatty acids were identified by comparing retention time with standards and GC-MS spectrum. The isomers of linoleic acid and linolenic acid in deodorized soybean oils were identified to be $C_{18:2}\;{\Delta}9-cis,\;{\Delta}12-trans,\;C_{18:2}\;{\Delta}9-trans,\;{\Delta}12-cis,\;C_{18:2}\;{\Delta}9-cis,\;{\Delta}12-cis,\;C_{18:3}\;{\Delta}9-cis,\;{\Delta}12-cis,\;{\Delta}15-trans,\;C_{18:3}\;{\Delta}9-trans,\;{\Delta}12-cis,\;{\Delta}15-cis,\;C_{18:3}\;{\Delta}9-cis,\;{\Delta}12-trans,\;{\Delta}15-cis,\;and\;C_{18:3}\;{\Delta}9-cis,\;{\Delta}12-cis,\;{\Delta}15-cis$. The formation of trans-fatty acids by deodorization at $240{\sim}280^{\circ}C$ for 2 hrs was in the range of 1.78 to 5.74%. Conclusively, the deodorizing conditions of $240^{\circ}C$ for 2 hrs or $250^{\circ}C$ for 1 hr were suggested as the best conditions which could minimize the formation of trans isomers of fatty acids in soybean oils.