Conditions of Water Activity of Raw Material and Adding Levels of Papain and Glucose for Processing Fermented Squid with Low Salt Concentrations

저염 오징어젓갈의 제조를 위한 원료어육의 수분활성도와 papain과 glucose의 첨가조건

  • Published : 1998.02.01

Abstract

To develop methods to produce low salt fermented squid with rich flavor and acceptable shelf life, the optimum processing conditions such as water activity of raw material, amounts of NaCl, papain and gucose were investigated. Water activity of squid meat was adjusted to 0.94 (raw meat), 0.90 and 0.88 by cold air blast and each was salted with 3, 5, or 7% NaCl followed by fermenting at $10^{\circ}C$ for 6 weeks. Amino nitrogen was increased rapidly with high water activity and low NaCl concentration. As a result of organoleptic evaluation it was concluded that optimum conditions were to adjust water activity of raw material to 0.90 and to salt with 5% NaCl. When squid meat adjusting water activity to 0.90 was treated with 0.05, 0.1 and 0.5% papain and fermented at $10^{\circ}C$ for 6 weeks, SDS-PAGE pattern showed rapid breakdown of myofibrilar protein with increasing amounts of papain but the treatment with 0.1% enzyme was best organoleptically. pH values of squid meat added with 1 and 2% glucose were maintained lower than control (glucose 0%) but there were no significant differences between the two glucose treatments. Therefore, it was thought that adding of glucose might be extended shelf life of fermented squid with low salt concentration.

Keywords

water activity;adjustment;papain;glucose;low salt fermentation;squid