Chitosanolytic Characteristics of Cellulases from Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma reesei

Trichoderma viride 및 Trichoderma reesei 유래 Cellulase의 키토산 분해 특성

  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

The chitosanolytic capabilities of cellulases, glucosidases, proteases and commercial enzymes were evaluated, and effective chitosanolytic cellulases from T. viride, T. reesei and Celluclast, a commercial enzyme from T. reesei were characterized. The reaction of cellulase from T. viride, T. reesei and Celluclast was optimal at pH 5. 0 and $45{\sim}55^{\circ}C$. Max. chitosanolytic activities of cellulases from both T. viride and T. reesei were observed at the enzyme/chitosan ratio=0.1 and chitosan concentration=3.0%. For the possible application of commercial Celluclast to chitosan oligosaccharides production, 3%(w/v) chitosan was reacted with 1%(v/v) Celluclast at pH 5.0 and $55^{\circ}C$. The apparent viscosity decreased by 98% within 30 minutes reaction and Max. contents of 50% EtOH solubles were 70% at 15 hrs reaction. Total reducing sugars were also increased with reaction time and maintained approx. 13.5% after 2hrs reaction. In 15 hrs treated chitosan hydrolyzates, various kinds of chitosan oligosaccharides were produced and contents of chitosan hexamer, known for its antitumor activities, were about 8.0%, about 4 times higher values compared with acid hydrolysis method. The results suggested that chitosan oligosaccharides could be produced with low-cost cellulases from T. reesei.

Keywords

chitosan;cellulase;Trichoderma reesei;Trichoderma viride;Celluclast;oligosaccharides