Synthesis and Purification of Allithiamine from Garlic

마늘로부터 Allithiamine의 합성 및 정제

  • Published : 1998.04.01


Allithiamine was synthesized when thiamine was mixed with fresh garlic extract made with ethanol at a alkali medium. Allithiamine was isolated and purified using solvents such as ethyl acetate, diethyl ether and benzene. Purified allithiamine was identified by determination of melting point, elemental analyzer and LC/Thermospray/Mass-spectrometer. On the other hand, synthetic conditions of allithiamine from fresh garlic, pH, temperature and ratio of garlic to ethanol were investigated. Synthetic rates of allithiamine under alkali conditions were rapidly increased while those under acidic conditions very slowly increased. The synthetic rates of allithiamine increased as temperature increased, but decreased above $70^{\circ}C$ as reaction time increased. There was no significant difference in synthetic rate of allithiamine when garlic was mixed above 4 times of ethanol. Therefore, optimum condition of pH, temperature and ratio of garlic to ethanol for synthesis of allithiamine were 8, $60^{\circ}C$ and 1 : 4, respectively.