Volatile Compounds and Sensory Odor Properties of Commercial Vinegars

식초의 휘발성 성분 및 관능적 특성

  • 윤희남 (제일제당(주) 건강식품연구소) ;
  • 문수연 (제일제당(주) 건강식품연구소) ;
  • 송상훈 (제일제당(주) 건강식품연구소)
  • Published : 1998.04.01


It was investigated to identify the volatile compounds of commercial vinegars by dynamic headspace sampling GLC-mass spectrometry, and additionally to evaluate the difference of sensory odor properties among vinegars such as brewed, cider, brown rice and persimmon vinegars. Thirty compounds were identified in four kinds of vinegar, which were composed of 9 carbonyl compounds, 12 esters, 6 alcohols and 3 acids. 3-Hydroxy-2-butanone could be merely detected in some of vinegar samples, and persimmon vinegar was characterized to include more various alcoholic compounds compared to the other kinds of vinegar. 3-Methyl-1-butanol was not detected from any samples of brewed vinegar, but from the most of cider, brown rice and persimmon vinegars. Persimmon vinegar has shown high strength of background odor intensity, and consequently was appeared to be inferior in background (p<0.05) and overall(p<0.01) odor preference scores to cider, brewed and brown rice vinegars.