Comparison of Volatile Terpenoid Content from Carrot Cultured Area and Carrot Portions

당근의 재배지역별 부위별 휘발성 Terpenoids 함량 비교

  • Park, Shin (Division of Natural Resources, Taegu University) ;
  • Park, Yong (Division of Natural Resources, Taegu University)
  • 박신 (대구대학교 자연자원학부) ;
  • 박용 (대구대학교 자연자원학부)
  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

Using direct headspace sampling (DHS) method, volatile terpenoid content was measured according to carrot cultured areas and various portions of carrot. In comparison of volatile terpenoid content in xylem and phloem of carrot, every volatile terpenoid was distributed highly in the xylem rather than the phloem of carrot. The carrot was divided into three different sections; upper (crown), middle (midsection), and lower part (tip), and the volatile terpenoids were measured. The content of ${\alpha}-pinene,\;{\beta}-pinene,\;{\beta}-myrcene,\;and\;{\gamma}-terpinene$ tended to be distributed highly in the upper part rather than the lower part, whereas the content of terpinolene and total terpenoids tended to be high in the lower part. In comparison of volatile terpenoid content according to the carrot cultured areas, volatile terpenoid content of carrot cultured in Cheju island was higher than Yangsan and Haenam areas. In case of total terpenoids, the carrot clutivars cultured in Cheju island contained $1.6{\sim}2.3\;times$ higher than those of Yangsan, and $1.5{\sim}2.4\;times$ higher than Haenam. In order to investigate the above results, we sampled out soils from the carrot fields and measured physical and chemical characteristics of the soils. The pH did not show much difference in the three areas. However the organic carbon, total nitrogen, cation exchange capacity, and total exchangeable cation in soil from Cheju were $2.4{\sim}3.0\;times$ higher than Yangsan and $3.9{\sim}7.1\;times$ higher than Haenam. The physical characteristics of the soils was investigated. The soil from Cheju island was found to be loam; Yangsan, sandy loam, and Haenam, clay loam.

Keywords

carrot;volatile terpenoids;direct headspace sampling method