Studies on the Standardization of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi

배추김치의 표준화 연구

  • Cho, Eun-Ju (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Seon-Mi (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Rhee, Sook-Hee (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Kun-Young (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University)
  • 조은주 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 이선미 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 이숙희 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 박건영 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소)
  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

In order to standardize the chinese cabbage kimchi, the preparation method, kinds of ingredients and levels of the ingredients were determined by the statistical survey of literatures obtained from cooking books, scientific papers and kimchi manufacturing factory. The standardized ingredient kinds and ratio of chinese cabbage kimchi were $13.0{\pm}7.0$ of radish, $2.0{\pm}0.5$ of green onion, $3.5{\pm}0.8\;or\;2.5{\m}0.3$ of red pepper powder, $1.4{\pm}0.4$ of garlic, $0.6{\pm}0.3$ of ginger, $2.2{\pm}1.6$ of anchovy juice, and $1.0{\pm}0.3$ of sugar in the proportion of 100 salted chinese cabbage, and the final salt concentration was adjusted to 2.7% using salt. Red pepper powder level was quite different from the literature sources, so sensory evaluation, chemical properties and antimutagenic effect and growth inhibitory effect on human cancer cells of the kimchi samples were studied to decide the proper ratio of the red pepper powder as an ingredient. Red pepper powder 3.5% (average level for kimchi manufacturing factory) added kimchi was better in quality than red pepper powder 2.5% (average level for cooking books and scientific papers) added kimchi in sensory evaluation and chemical properties. The juice of red pepper powder 3.5% added kimchi showed not only the stronger antimutagenicity against aflatoxin $B_1$ in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 but also the higher inhibitory effect on the growth of AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells in SRB assay than that of red pepper powder 2.5% added kimchi. In conclusion, the standardized ratio of the ingredients was 13.0 radish, 2.0 green onion, 3.5 red pepper powder, 1.4 garlic, 0.6 ginger, 2.2 anchovy juice, 1.0 sugar, and 2.7 final salt concentration in the proportion of 100 salted chinese cabbage.

Keywords

chinese cabbage kimchi;standardization;ingredient kinds and ratio;red pepper powder