Changes of MCPD and Chemical Components in Soy Sauce Made of Acid-hydrolyzate of Defatted Soy protein by Fermenting the Soy Sauce koji

곡자첨가에 의한 산분해간장 발효 중 MCPD 및 주요 화학성분의 변화

  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

Removal of monochloropropanediol (MCPD) and improvement of quality of the soy-sauce made from acid-hydrolyzate of defatted soy protein (SAHSP) were examined by fermenting the soy-sauce with soy-sauce koji or koji plus Pediococcus soya or/and Saccharomyces rouxii. The overall fermentation process performed in this work consisted sequentially of autodigestion of soy-sauce koji $(at\;45^{\circ}C\;for\;12\;days)$, lactic acid fermentation $(at\;30^{\circ}C\;for\;14\;days\;in\;S3\;and\;S4)$, ethanol fermentation $(at\;30^{\circ}C\;for\;14\;days\;in\;S2\;and\;S4)$,and aging $(at\;25^{\circ}C\;for\;20\;days)$. At the end of the autodigestion period, the highest MCPD removal (from the initial 38.6 ppm to 1.3 ppm) was observed in the S-2. Reducing sugar contents of the S-2 and S-4 sharply decreased from the 30th day of incubation, from the initial concentration of about 5.0% to less than 0.5% at the end of the process. Total soluble nitrogen content of all the soy-sauce products slightly increased during the overall fermentating period.The level of free glutamic acid, a major amino acid that is known to determine the taste of soy-sauce was determined to be an average value of $1270{\sim}1323\;mg/100\;mL$ of soy-sauce. The results of sensory evaluation of the fermented SAHSPs show that qualities of the S-2 and S-4 samples are nearly on the same level with that of the commercially fermented soy-sauce (p<0.05). This result suggests that the fermentation process in this work, especially the process performed with S. rouxii has a good effect for removing MCPD from SAHSP and also for improving quality of the SAHSP product.

Keywords

soy sauce;MCPD;koji;Fermentation;HVp