Properties of Anti-S. mutans IgY Separated from Egg Yolk

난황으로 부터 항충치 항체의 분리 및 그 특성

  • Published : 1998.10.01


Chick antibodies (IgY) raised against Streptococcus mutans (serotype c) were separated from egg yolk and their properties were investigated. The purity of IgY extracts prepared by the method of ${\lambda}-carrageenan$, $gammaYolk^{TM}$, and $EGGstract^{TM}$ was 20%, 46%, and 48%, respectively, and the yields of IgY extracts from a gram yolk were 11. 3 mg, 1.7 mg, and 1.8mg, respectively. Quantitative immunoprecipitation test showed that specific IgY content of crude IgY prepared by ${\lambda}-carrageenan$ method was 12.2%, which means that 0.85 g of crude IgY from an egg yolk (15 g) contains about 100 mg of specific IgY. When the reactivity of the specific IgY towards 3 caries-inducing strains (serotype: b, c, f) was examined, the strains cultured in sucrose-added medium showed higher reactivity (the orders were c(+), f(+), b(+)) than those cultured in sucrose-free medium. Heat and pH stability of specific IgY was good, for crude IgY contained 50% of antibody activity after heat treatment at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 min and they were stable at pH $4{\sim}8$.