Extraction and Purification of Antitumor Protein-bound Polysaccharides from Mycelia of Lentinus edodes

표고버섯 균사체로부터 항암 단백다당체의 추출 및 정제

  • Published : 1998.10.01

Abstract

Korean Lentinus edodes SR-1 was cultured to multiply the mycelia in the complete broth medium (C/N=13.1) for mushroom, and protein-bound polysaccharides were extracted from the cultured broth containing mycelia (The whole cultured broth was used to increase the yields: 80% of protein-bound polysaccharides were existed at the cell wall of mycelia and 20% of those were secreted extracellularily in this culture). Protein-bound polysaccharides in the cultured broth containing mycelia were extracted by using three different methods: 1) Extraction with hot water, 2) Disintegration of cell wall by glass bead mill treatment before extraction with hot water, and 3) Cellulase treatment before extraction with hot water. The highest yield was obtained (930 mg polysaccharides/100 mL culture broth) when protein-bound polysaccharides were extracted with 2) method. The extracted crude protein-bound polysaccharides were purified using protease, DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-100. The growth inhibition activity for $P_{388}$, mouse leukemic cell, increased (53.7, 62.2, 93.7% and 97.4%) as the purification level increased. Protein-bound polysaccharides contained 46.1% of polysaccharides, 7.3% of protein, and trace amounts of minerals. Polysaccharides contained glucose, galactose, xylose and mannose. The content of proline and glycine were high, however, methionine and leucine were not found. The major minerals were Na, K, Zn, and Ca.

Keywords

Lentinus edodes;mycelia;protein-bound polysaccharides;extraction method;growth inhibition activity