Effect of Soybean Protein Isolate on the Baking Qualities of Bread

분리 대두단백질의 첨가가 제빵적성에 미치는 영향

  • Bae, Song-Hwan (Institute of Natural Resources, Korea University) ;
  • Rhee, Chul (Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Korea University)
  • 배송환 (고려대학교 자연자원연구소) ;
  • 이철 (고려대학교 응용생명환경화학과)
  • Published : 1998.12.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of soybean protein isolate (SPI) on the baking qualities of bread which was made of composite flour blended with SPI extracted at acidic (pH 2.0, 3.0), neutral (pH 7.0) and alkaline (pH 10.0, 12.0) conditions. The mixogram showed that water absorption of composite flour dough blended with SPI extracted at pH 2.0 and 12.0 was higher than that of 100% wheat flour dough, and mixing time was shorter than that of 100% wheat flour dough. No differences were found between the composite flour blended with SPI at level of 5% and 100% wheat flour on the loaf volume of bread. The loaf volume of bread made of composite flour blended with $SPI_2\;AND\;SPI_3$ at level of 10% was lower than that of 100% wheat flour, but that of $SPI_7,\;SPI_{10},\;and\;SPI_{12}$, which had higher emulsion capacity than $SPI_2,\;SPI_3$ was similar to that of 100% wheat flour. No differences were found between the composite flour blended with SPI at level of 5% and that of 100% wheat flour on springiness, chewiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, adhesiveness and hardness of bread. The composite flour blended with SPI at level of 10% was similar to 100% wheat flour on springiness, chewiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, adhesiveness and hardness of bread except for chewiness, gumminess and hardness of $SPI_2,\;and\;SPI_{12}$ which were significantly higher than that of 100% wheat flour (P<0.05).

Keywords

baking qualities;loaf volume;soybean protein isolate;functionality