Standardization of Kinds of Ingredient in Chinese Cabbage Kimchi

배추김치의 재료 종류 표준화

  • Cho, Eun-Ju (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Rhee, Sook-Hee (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Kun-Young (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, and Kimchi Research Institute, Pusan National University)
  • 조은주 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 이숙희 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소) ;
  • 박건영 (부산대학교 식품영양학과 및 김치연구소)
  • Published : 1998.12.01

Abstract

Kinds of ingredient of Chinese cabbage kimchi were standardized by the sensory evaluation, chemical properties, and functional properties of antimutagenic effect and inhibitory effect on the growth of AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. The kinds of ingredient in control kimchi from the previous study, but Gueun salt instead of Chunil salt, exhibited better overall acceptability and less moldy smell and moldy flavor than any other kinds of ingredient added chinese cabbage kimchi in the taste. The kimchi showed chemical properties of properly fermented kimchi, pH 4.3 and acidity 0.72% and also contained 1.6 g% reducing sugar and $2.2{\times}10^8\;CFU/mL$ Leuconostoc sp. The juice of standardized kimchi with the above kinds of ingredient showed not only high antimutagenicity (74%) against aflatoxin $B_1$ in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 but also strong inhibitory effect (60%) on the growth of AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells in SRB assay. From the taste, chemical and functional properties, the standardized kinds of ingredient were Youngyang taeyangcho red pepper powder, anchovy juice, Gueun salt, Garak sin 1 ho Chinese cabbage.

Keywords

kimchi;standardization;ingredient