A Case Report on the Treatment of Acute Anterior Disc Displacement without Redution in TMJ Disorders by Direct Trauma

직접외상에 의한 급성 비정복성 관절원판 변위의 치험례

  • 조수현 (부산대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 고명연 (부산대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 1998.09.01

Abstract

The authors treated a 30-years old female patient who visited the Department of Oral Medicine, PNUH due to the chief complaint of limitation of mouth opening. The magnetic resonance imaging following clinical examination was used for establishing an accurate and reliable diagnosis and the patient was diagnosed as having anterior disc displacement without reduction in the right joint and anterior disc displacement with reduction in the left joint. For managing acute anterior disc displacement without reduction, mandible manipulation was applied first focusing on pain control and then stabilization appliance was used for maintenance of joint stabilization. With time, the sign and symptom was remarkably reduced and an active exercise program was recommended to maintain of normal muscle length, increase joint range of motion and develop normal coordination arthrokinematics. As a result of treatment, the patient did not complain discomfort of normal daily activities and it was difficult to consider that the displace disc was not reduced completely, but the improvement in range of motion and joint mobility were remarkably found. Therefore, an exercise program should be considered to maintain joint mobility and be effective as a self-care.