Elucidation of Anti-Tumor Initiator and Promoter Derived from Seaweed-4: Desmutagenic Principles of Ecklonia stolonifera Extracts against Carcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines

해조류 중의 Anti-Tumor Initiator 및 Promoter의 해석-4: 발암성 Heterocyclic Amine에 대한 곰피 추출물 중의 돌연변이원성 억제인자

  • 김선봉 (부경대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 박영범 (부경대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 안종관 (부경대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 유승재 (부경대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 박덕천 (부경대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 김인수 (경상대학교 식품과학과·해양산업연구소) ;
  • 박영호 (부경대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1998.06.01


The present study was performed to elucidate desmutagenic principles from Ecklonia stolonifera extracts against 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b] pyridine(PhIP) and 2-amino-3,8-dime-thylimidazo[4,5-f]duinoxaline(MeIQx) with Salmonella/mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test. Alginate, phenols, chlorophyll and carotenoids from Ecklonia stolonifera were extracted and their desmutagenicities were assayed. Alginate hydroysates showed desmutagenic activities against PhIP and MeIQx at high level dose. Phenol fractions and bromophenol showed desmutagenic activity of about MeIQx at high level dose. Phenol fractions and bromophenol showed desmutagenic activity of about 90% per 0.5mg against PhIP and MeIQx. Chlorophyllin among chlorophyll derivatives exhibited remarkable desmutagenic activities of 92.9% and 82.7% at 20uM against PhIP and MeIQx, respectively. Carotenoids, such as lutein and $\alpha$-cryptoxanthin isolated from Ecklonia stolonifera exerted also high desmutagenic activity. Major desmutagenic substances from Ecklonia stolonifera are considered to be chlorophyllin, phenols, lutein, $\alpha$-cryptoxanthin and low molecular alginates.


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