Detection of E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes, and Appraisal for Microbiological Qualities in the Commercial Frozen Yogurt Products in Korea

국내 시판용 Frozen Yogurt의 병원성 미생물 검출 및 미생물학적 품질 평가에 관한 연구

  • 윤성식 (연세대학교 문리대학 생물자원공학과)
  • Published : 1998.03.01

Abstract

Recently the high outbreaks of intestinal disease caused by the consumption of frozen dairy foods containing pathogenic bacteria has generated considerable interest in the causative agent such as Listeria monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7. This study was carried out to detect the above pathogens and compare the microbiological qualities of three commercial forzen yogurt products. The main results obtained were as follows. L. monocytogenes coliforms and E. coli O157:H7 were not detected in the total of seven frozen yogurt samples. For microbiological qualities the viable lactic counts of products manufactured by FA company were about 2.9$\times$108 -1.6$\times$109cfu/ml 1.7$\times$106 cfu/ml for FB's and 1.2$\times$106 cfu/ml for FC's The PH values of FA's FB's and FC's products was in the range of pH 4.1~5.3 and the values of FA's were 4.1~4.6 compared by the pH 5.2~5.3 of FB's and FC's products. During refrigeration of the test samples the survival rates of L. monocytogenes spiked into thawed frozen yogurt sample(FA's FB,s and FC's) were 0.55% 15.61% and 16.89% respectively. On the other hand E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes were 12.4% and 25.0% for FA's 10.8% and 20.8% for FB's and 10.26% and 22.7% for FC's under 37$^{\circ}C$ storage, As the results described above each frozen yogurt products were different in microbiological qualities. The survival rates of pathogens spiked into the samples increased with the pH of the products. This indicates that the pH or any other factors pre-sumable supressed the growth of E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes in frozen yogurt products.