A Statistical Control Chart for Process with Correlated Subgroups

  • Published : 1998.08.01


In this paper a new control chart which accounts for correlation between process subgroups will be proposed. We consider the case where the process fluctuations are autocorrelated by a stationary AR(1) time series and where n($\geq1$) items are sampled from the process at each sampling time. A simulation study is presented and shows that for correlated subgroups, the proposed control chart makes a significant improvement over the traditionally employed X-bar chart which ignores subgroup correlations. Finally, we illustrate the proposed chart by comparing the standardized residuals and X-bar chart on a data set of motor shaft diameters.



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