Influence of substituted phenylcarbamoyl group on the fungicidal activites of a new 5,6-dihydro-2-trifluoromethyl-1,4-oxathiincarboxanilide derivatives

새로운 5,6-dihydro-2-trifluoromethyl-1,4-oxathiincarboxanilide 유도체의 항균활성에 미치는 치환-phenylcarbamoyl group의 영향

  • Sung, Nack-Do (Division of Applied Biology & Chemistry, Chung-nam National University) ;
  • Yu, Seong-Jae (Division of Applied Biology & Chemistry, Chung-nam National University) ;
  • Nam, Kee-Dal (Korea Institute of Science & Technology, Division of Applied Science) ;
  • Chang, Kee-Hyuk (Korea Institute of Science & Technology, Division of Applied Science) ;
  • Hahn, Hoh-Gyu (Korea Institute of Science & Technology, Division of Applied Science)
  • 성낙도 (충남대학교 농과대학 응용생물화학부) ;
  • 유성재 (충남대학교 농과대학 응용생물화학부) ;
  • 남기달 (한국 과학기술연구원 응용과학부) ;
  • 장기혁 (한국 과학기술연구원 응용과학부) ;
  • 한호규 (한국 과학기술연구원 응용과학부)
  • Published : 1998.12.30

Abstract

New thirty derivatives of 5,6-dihydro-2-trifluoromethyl-1,4-oxathiin carboxanilide as substrate(S) were synthesized and their fungicidal activities in vivo against rice sheath blight(Rhizoctonia solani) and wheat leaf rust(Puccinia recondita) were examined. The structure activity relationships(SAR) between the activities($pI_{50}$) and a physicochemical parameters of substituents(X) at the phenylcarbamoyl group were analyzed using the adaptive regression analysis method. The 3-methoxy, 11, 3-isopropyloxy, 13 and 3-isopropyl substituent, 25 as X on the phenylcarbamoyl group exhibited the most highest fungicidal activity against the two fungi. The fungicidal potency of the (S) against Puccinia recondita was higher than Rhizoctonia solani. In case of Rhizoctonia solani, the molecular hydrophobicity(${\pi}>0$) and resonance effect(R<0) by meta-alkyl substitutents with electron donating were important factors in determining fungicidal activity. And the HOMO energy(HOMO>0), ABSQ, sum of absolute values of the atomic charges on each atom and specific polarizability(Sp.Pol<0) of (S) were significantly influential towards fungicidal activity against Puccinia recondita.. The interaction between (S) and receptor agonist from the based on SAR studies proceeds through charge-control reaction, and conditions to show higher activity has been also discussed.

기질(S) 화합물로 30종의 5,6-dihydro-2-trifluoromethyl-1,4-oxathiin carboxanilide 유도체들을 합성하고 벼 잎집무늬 마름병균(Rhizoctonia solani)과 밀 붉은 녹병균(Puccinia recondita)에 대한 항균활성(in vivo) 값($pI_{50}$)을 측정하였다. (S)는 잘록병균보다 밀 붉은녹병균에 대하여 보다 큰 항균활성을 나타내었으며 두 종의 균에 대하여 3-methoxy, 11, 3-iso-propyloxy, 13 및 3-iso-propyl 치환체, 25가 제일 큰 활성을 보였다. 그리고 치환(X)-phenylcarbamoyl group의 변화에 따른 물리-화학 파라미터와 항균활성($pI_{50}$)으로부터 구조-활성관계(SAR)를 검토 한 결과, 벼 잎집무늬 마름병균에 대하여는 공명효과에 따른 전자밀게(R<0)의 소수성이 큰(${\pi}>0$) m-alkyl 치환기(X)가, 그리고 밀 붉은녹병균에 대하여는 분자 분극율(Sp.Pol.)과 분자의 음하전(ABSQ<0)을 위시하여 HOMO에너지(e.v.)가 클수록(HOMO<0) 높은 항균활성을 나타내었다. 또한, 전하-조절 반응에 의한 수용체-(S)간의 상호작용과 높은 활성발현 조건들이 검토되었다.