Action properties and insecticidal effects of thiamethoxam to the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii, and diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella

목화진딧물과 배추좀나방에 대한 thiamethoxam의 살충효과 및 작용특성

  • Published : 1998.12.30

Abstract

For the purpose of effective control strategy of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii and the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, thiamethoxam and 3 other insecticides in different classes were used with bioassay test methods in laboratory and greenhouse. They were examined to evaluated and compared with contact toxicity, stomach toxicity, rapid action, systemic action, and residual effect of imidacloprid, thiamethoxam (nicotinoids), acephate (organophosphorates), and carbosulfan (carbamates). As results of contact toxicity responses of A. gassypii against 4 insecticides using a spray application method, $LC_{50}$ values of acephate, carbosulfan, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam were 41.9, 5.2, 1.1, and 0.7 ppm. respectively. In the evaluation of stomach toxicity response of P. xylostella using a leaf-dipping method, with the 2nd instar larva $LC_{50}$ values of imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and acetamiprid were 64.9, 24.6 and 15.2 ppm, with the 3rd instar larva were 125.2, 42.7 and 27.8 ppm. and with the 4th instar larva were 241.1, 44.5 and 23.9 ppm, respectively. In the case of rapid action to A. gossypii using a spray application method after inoculation, $LT_{50}$ values of imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, carbosulfan, and acephate were 26.6, 28.0, 30.3, and 41.7 min. respectively. Otherwise, in the inoculation after applying compounds, $LT_{50}$ values of thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and carbosulfan were 95.5, 118.0, and 122.9 min. respectively. Evaluating to systemic action from the abaxial surface to the adaxial surface of red pepper leaf with spray method, $LT_{50}$ values of thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and carbosulfan were 162.2, 168.9, and 564.1 min. respectively. For the systemic action from the lower leaves to the upper leaves on red pepper, $LT_{50}$ values of carbosulfan, thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and acephate were 2.3, 2.9, 3.0, and 8.8 days, respectively. In red pepper plant, $LT_{50}$ values of carbosulfan, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, and acephate on the systemic action from the roots to the upper leaf were 0.6, 1.0, 1.0, and 13.8 days, respectively. As these results, it might be that thiamethoxam was excellent on systemic effect in red pepper. For the evaluation of residual effect on red pepper with A. gossypii, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid maintained high control effects as over 80% upto 10 days after treating compounds.