Purine Derivatives Excreted in Urine as an Indicator Estimating Microbial Yield from the Rumen: A - Review

  • Kanjanapruthipong, J. (Department of Animal Science, Kasetsart University, Kampaengsaen Campus) ;
  • Len, R.A. (Department of AnimaI Science, Unversitity of New England)
  • Received : 1997.06.24
  • Accepted : 1998.01.05
  • Published : 1998.06.01


The paper presented here is aimed at increasing knowledge on purine metabolism in ruminants and hence the quantification of microbial cells entering the small intestine from urinaη excretion of purine derivatives. Nucleic acid metabolisms of micro-organisms in the rumen, digestion and absorption of nucleic acids entering the intestines, metabolisms of absorbed and endogenous purines involving de novo synthesis of nucleic acids in the ruminants host, and the relationship between absorbed and excreted purines are reviewed. Principal concerns about an amount of purine derivatives excreted in urine in relation to a change in purine-N: total-N ratios in rumen microbes that leave the rumen are discussed. The use of urinary excretion of purine derivatives as an indicator of the amount of microbial biomass leaving the rumen has to be done with some caution since it may be impossible to get a representative sample of microbes entering the intestine and thus yield estimates are relative rather than absolute.


Purine Derivatives;Purine-N : total-N;Nucleic Acids;Rumen