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A Study on the Performance of Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red and Fayoumi × Rhode Island Red Chickens under Rural Condition of Bangladesh

  • Barua, A. (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University) ;
  • Howlider, M.A.R. (Department of Poultry Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Yoshimura, Y. (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)
  • Received : 1998.01.12
  • Accepted : 1998.04.27
  • Published : 1998.12.01

Abstract

Two months old Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red, and Fayoumi ${\times}$ Rhode Island Red chickens were reared upto 512 days of their age in the villages surrounding Bangladesh Agricultural University in order to study comparative performances of the 3 genetic groups with or without extra feeding to scavenging system of rearing and also, to study the suitability of these breeds reared under the rural condition. Fayoumi attained earlier sexual maturity (238.5 vs 262.5 d) and laid more eggs than other breeds/types. Rhode Island Red produced the largest eggs, but mortality rates were highest and Fayoumi showed greatest resistance to diseases. Crossbred was heaviest (1,275 g at 247.5 d of age) and had highest hatchability than parental breeds. Age at sexual maturity (247.5 d), 50% egg production, peak production and mortality in crossbreds were mostly influenced by sire Fayoumi but for the egg weight and body weight, the effect of the dam Rhode Island Red was significant. Extra feeding was found more beneficial to the chickens irrespective of breeds and types. The crossbred Fo ${\times}$ RIR chickens were found more suitable under rural scavenging system than the exotic breeds, Fayoumi and Rhode Island Red in the rural areas of Bangladesh.

Keywords

Fayoumi;Rhode Island Red;Crossbreeding;Laying Performance;Scavenging System;Bangladesh

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  2. Crossbred Chicken for Poultry Production in the Tropics vol.47, pp.4, 2010, https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.010033
  3. Production performance, egg quality and biochemical parameters of Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red and their reciprocal crossbred chickens vol.41, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.2012.739969
  4. The Pig and the Chicken in the Middle East: Modeling Human Subsistence Behavior in the Archaeological Record Using Historical and Animal Husbandry Data vol.23, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10814-015-9083-2