Effects of Various Mechanical and Chemical Treatments of Rapeseed Meal on the Performance of Broilers

  • Khan, M.Z. (Livestock and Dairy Development Department) ;
  • Mahmood, S. (Department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Sarwar, M. (Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Nisa, M. (Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Gulzar, F. (Livestock and Dairy Development Department)
  • Received : 1997.01.25
  • Accepted : 1998.04.22
  • Published : 1998.12.01


One hundred and eighty, 1-day old broiler chicks, randomly divided into 15 replicates of 10 brids each were employed to six treatment rations (A, B, C, D, E and F). Rapeseed meal (RSM) with or without treatment was incorporated in the rations at 20 percent level in lieu of soybean meal. The birds in group A were fed soybean based ration and those in group B, C, D, E and F were given ration containing untreated, solvent extracted, water treated, autoclaved and ferrous sulphate treated RSM, respectively. Presence of RSM in the rations whether untreated or treated, significantly reduced weight gain and feed consumption of the birds compared with those of control group but efficiency of feed utilization, dressed weight, dressing percentage and weights of internal organs amongst the groups remained unaffected. The size of thyroid galnds of the broilers using the meal was significantly larger than those having ration without RSM. The only exception was that the birds having solvent extracted meal had similar thyroid gland relative weight as those of control group indicating reduced antinutritional effect of isothiocyanates content due to solvent extraction of the meal.


Treated Rapeseed Meal;Weight Gain;Feed Efficiency;Thyroid Gland

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