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The Possible Minimum Chicken Nutrient Requirements for Protecting the Environment and Improving Cost Efficiency - Review -

  • Nahm, K.H. (Feed & Nutrition Laboratory, College of Natural Resources, Taegu University) ;
  • Carlson, C.W. (Dept. of Animal Science, South Dakota State University)
  • Received : 1998.06.02
  • Accepted : 1998.09.15
  • Published : 1998.12.01

Abstract

Nitrogen and phosphorus are major nutrients in animal feeds which partially remain in the environment as pollution. In addition, nitrogen and phosphorus along with energy are the main nutrients which determine the feed cost. Any decreases in the levels of these three nutrients can contribute to reducing the pollution problem as well as the cost of feed. The nutrient requirements for chickens in the work here reported should allow for the addition of mixed enzymes (phytases, proteases, glucanases, xylanases and others). Such minimal levels of crude protein in the research results which are here reported are 16% for 0-6 weeks of age, 13.5% for 7-12 weeks of age, 11.5% for 13-18 weeks of age for layer type chicks, 13% for layer, 18% for 0-3 weeks of age broiler and 16.5% for 4-7 weeks of age broiler. These research projects have been done without adding enzyme supplements to their experimental diets. The minimal values of phosphorus, shown as available phosphorus, are 0.25% for pullets, 0.09% for layers and 0.25% for broilers with the addition of phytase. The minimum energy requirement (metabolizable energy) for reducing the feed cost could be summarized as 2,750 kcal per kg feed for pullets, 2,800 kcal for layers and 2,700 kcal for broilers.

Keywords

Environment Pollution;Nitrogen;Phosphorus;Enzymes;Crude Protein;Metabolizable Energy;Pullets;Layer;Broiler;NRC;Vitamin

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Taegu University

Cited by

  1. Technologies to mitigate the environmental impact of broiler production vol.37, pp.spe, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008001300028