Comparison between indirect immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRSV)

돼지 생식기호흡기증후군 바이러스항체 검색에 있어 간접형광항체법(IFA) 과 효소면역법(ELISA)의 진단효율 비교

  • Received : 1998.02.23
  • Published : 1998.06.25


An establishment of effective control measures to PRRSV infection in swine industry depends on a sensitive and specific diagnosis to detect either viral antigen and/or antibodies to PRRSV. Several diagnostic methods are available to detect antibodies against PRRSV, including IPMA, IFA and ELISA tests have been successfully developed. Sensitivity of the indirect immunofluorescent assay in MA-104 cells using Korean field isolate PL96-1 was superior to that of VR-2332 and field isolate PL96-2. Sensitivity and specificity of the IFA test with PL96-1 were comparable to those of commercial ELISA test kit but ELISA test was more sensitive for the detection of declining antibodies to PRRSV in finishing pigs. In this study we concluded that IFA and ELISA test could be utilized to detect antibodies to PRRSV and the results generated from these two tests were comparable and there were no significant difference between these two tests.