Comparative liver drug metabolizing enzymes activities between Korean native cattle and swine

한우와 돼지에서 간의 약물 대사효소의 활성 비교

  • Lee, Gwan-bok (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yun, Hyo-in (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Seung-chun (Research Lab, Dae Sung Microbiologicals, Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Min-kyu (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Rae-kyung (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Joon-hyung (National Veterinary Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Dong-woo (Korea Research Institute of Ginseng & Tobacoo)
  • 이관복 (충남대학교 수의과대학 약리독성학교실) ;
  • 윤효인 (충남대학교 수의과대학 약리독성학교실) ;
  • 박승춘 ((주)대성미생물부설연구소) ;
  • 김민규 (충남대학교 수의과대학 약리독성학교실) ;
  • 이내경 (충남대학교 수의과대학 약리독성학교실) ;
  • 조준형 (수의과학연구소) ;
  • 이동우 (한국인삼연초연구소)
  • Received : 1997.09.03
  • Published : 1998.03.25

Abstract

Drug-metabolizing activities of Korean native cattle and swine were investigated from viewpoints of the cytochrome P-450's level, their dependent mixed function oxidase activities, the reactive oxygen species formation and cytosolic enzyme acitivities from each liver homogenates. Level of cytochrome P-450 in the liver microsome of Korean native cattle was $0.28{\pm}0.05nmole/mg$ and that in pigs $0.35{\pm}0.03nmole/mg$. Level of cytochrome $b_5$ of Korean native cattle was $0.24{\pm}0.06nmole/mg$, and that of pigs $0.2{\pm}0.05nmole/mg$, showing no difference between two species. NADPH P-450 reductase were higher in Korean native cattle ($58.3{\pm}5.3nmole/mg/min$) than in pigs ($29.9{\pm}3.8nmole/mg/min$)(p<0.01). The activities of cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenases such as ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (cattle, $96.5{\pm}12.5nmole/mg/min$ ; pigs, $13.6{\pm}2.1nmole/mg/min$), N-benzphetamine N-demethylase (cattle, $5.23{\pm}0.82nmole/mg/min$ ; pigs, $0.76{\pm}0.3nmole/mg/min$) and aniline hydroxylase (cattle, $0.95{\pm}0.1nmole/mg/min$ ; pigs, $0.33{\pm}0.08nmole/mg/min$) were much higher in Korean native cattle than in swine(p<0.01). However, the activity of testosterone $7{\alpha}$-hydroxylase was higher in swine ($90.4{\pm}1.2nmole/mg/min$) than cattle (cattle, $32.8{\pm}1.2nmole/mg/min$). Interestingly, testosterone $16{\alpha}$-hydroxylase, a marker enzyme for P-450 IIA was not detected in both animal species. These results suggest that Korean native cattle and pigs have high contents of P-450 IA1 and P-450 IIIA. Total sulfhydryl compound (cattle, $10.3{\pm}1.1nmole/mg$ ; Pigs, $14.5{\pm}1.8nmole/mg$) and glutathione related enzymes except glutathione reductase (cattle, $38.1{\pm}7.9nmole/mg/min$; swine, $22{\pm}3.6nmole/mg/min$) showed higher levels in swine than in Korean native cattle. Superoxide dismutase (cattle, $7.64{\pm}0.84nmole/mg/min$ ; pigs, $4.47{\pm}0.94nmole/mg/min$) and catalase (cattle, $30.4{\pm}3.7nmole/mg/min$ ; pigs, $17.2{\pm}1.8nmole/mg/min$) were remarkably higher in Korean native cattle than in swine (p<0.05).