Opening of ATP-sensitive $K^+$ Channel by Pinacidil Requires Serine/Threonine Phosphorylation in Rat Ventricular Myocytes

  • Kwak, Yong-Geun (Department of Pharmacology, and Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Chonbuk National University Medical School) ;
  • Chae, Soo-Wan (Department of Pharmacology, and Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Chonbuk National University Medical School)
  • Published : 1999.06.21

Abstract

The influences of specific protein phosphatase and protein kinase inhibitors on the ATP-sensitive $K^+\;(K_{ATP})$ channel-opening effect of pinacidil were investigated in single rat ventricular myocytes using patch clamp technique. In cell-attached patches, pinacidil $(100\;{\mu}M)$ induced the opening of the $K_{ATP}$ channel, which was blocked by the pretreatment with H-7 $(100\;{\mu}M)$ whereas enhanced by the pretreatment with genistein $(30\;{\mu}M)$ or tyrphostin A23 $(10\;{\mu}M)$. In inside-out patches, pinacidil $(10\;{\mu}M)$ activated the $K_{ATP}$ channels in the presence of ATP (0.3 mM) or AMP-PNP (0.3 mM) and in a partial rundown state. The effect of pinacidil $(10\;{\mu}M)$ was not affected by the pretreatment with protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B $(PTP1B,\;10\;{\mu}g\;ml^{-1}),$ but blocked by the pretreatment of protein phosphatase 2A $(PP2A,\;1\;U\;ml^{-1})$. In addition, pinacidil $(10\;{\mu}M)$ could not induce the opening of the reactivated $K_{ATP}$ channels in the presence of H-7 $(100\;{\mu}M)$ but enhanced it in the presence of ATP (1 mM) and genistein $(30\;{\mu}M).$ These results indicate that the $K_{ATP}$ channel-opening effect of pinacidil is not mediated via phosphorylation of $K_{ATP}$ channel protein or associated protein, although it still requires the phosphorylation of serine/threonine residues as a prerequisite condition.