Rapid Detection of Salmonella spp. by Antibody Immobilization with Gold-protein A Complex

Gold-protein A Complex 항체 고정화법을 이용한 Salmonella spp.의 신속 검출

  • Published : 1999.02.28

Abstract

A piezoelectric (PZ) biosensor system detecting Salmonella spp. was developed. The system consisted of an oscillator, a frequency counter and an antibody-immobilized quartz crystal. An anti-Salmonella antibody was immobilized on one gold. surface of the quartz crystal with protein A. Salmonella detection was made by measuring resonant frequency shift owing to a mass change by specific binding of microbial cells to the gold surface of the PZ crystal. The PZ antibody sensor was operated optimally at 0.1M phosphate buffer, pH 7.2 and $35^{\circ}C$. The sensor was quite specific to Salmonella spp. The obtained frequency shift was correlated with the Salmonella concentration in the range of $10^5{\sim}10^6\;CFU/mL$. The frequency shift increased further by addition of polystyrene beads. The Salmonella detection which is indicated by a steady-state microbial adsorption to the quartz crystal was accomplished within 50min.

Keywords

PZ biosensor;antibody immobilization;gold-protein A complex;Salmonella spp.