Physicochemical Properties of Korean Ginseng Dried with Lower Power and Pulse Microwave

저출력 및 Pulse 마이크로파 건조 후 인삼의 품질 특성

  • Published : 1999.02.28

Abstract

Quality changes of Korean ginseng on microwave drying were determined in terms of water activity, crude protein, crude lipid, crude ash, dielectric properties, content of sugar, ginsenoside composion, microstructure. Korean fresh ginseng were subjected to four different processing : 3 min microwave drying and 2 min holding-24 hrs drying (MWI), 5 min microwave drying and 2.5 min holding-24 hrs drying (MW2), 3 min microwave drying and 2 min holding-12 hrs after hot air drying for 12 hrs drying at $45^{\circ}C$ (MWH1), 5 min microwave drying and 2.5 min holding-12 hrs drying after hot air drying for 12 hrs at $45^{\circ}C$ (MWH2), Water content was decreased 14.33% without shrinkage and water activity was 0.57 after microwave drying. Permittivity was increased as water content increased. As temperature increased, permittivity was increased until $40^{\circ}C$ and fast decreased over $40^{\circ}C$. Content of ginsenoside for MW1 and MW2 was higher than that of MWH1 and MWH2. Data of free sugar showed that there was no significant difference in each treatment. The MW2 dried ginseng showed a more compact structure than the MWH2 ginseng.

Keywords

ginseng;microwave;saponin