Biochemical Characteristics of Whole Soybean Cereals Fermented with Mucor and Rhizopus Strains

Mucor 및 Rhizopus속 균류를 이용한 콩알메주 발효의 생화학적 특성

  • Published : 1999.02.28

Abstract

Whole soybean cereal was fermented with four fungal strains (Mucor and Rhizopus) in pilot meju fermentation system. The pH range of the fermented soybean cereal was $7.16{\sim}8.38$, the contents of reducing sugar and amino-nitrogen were $0.54{\sim}2.64%,\;93{\sim}312mg%$, respectively, and that of free fatty acid ranged $0.06{\sim}2.00%$. The components of the amino acid, organic acid, free sugars and fatty acid showed distinctive patterns among four groups of fermented soybean cereals. Amylase activity and carbohydrate degradation rate of R. oryzae, protease and protein degadation rate of R. stolonifer was higher than other strains. But lipase and lipid degradation rates of four strains were similar. The odor concentrates of the soybean cereals fermented with Mucor strains were similar to Aspergillus strains, but Rhizopus were possessed of the flavor components of Bacillus and Aspergillus. Soysauce, made from M. hiemalis and R. stolonifer fermented soybean cereal showed excellent sensory evaluation and it was proposed that the two strains will be useful in Korean soysauce process.

Keywords

Mucor;Rhizopus;soybean;meju