Mutagenic Mechanism of Chloropropanols in Escherichia coli

대장균 변이주를 이용한 Chloropropanol 변이원성 기구의 해석

  • 송근섭 (이리농공전문대학 식품공업과) ;
  • 한상배 (식품의약품안전청 서울지방청) ;
  • 최동성 (우석대학교 환경생명공학부)
  • Published : 1999.02.28

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the mutagenicity and the primary mutagenic mechanism of chloropropanols by using various genotypes of E. coli WP2, E. coli TK and E. coli GW series strains. Chloropropanols showed the low mutagenic activities in E. coli WP2s and WP2 establishing the following order; 2,3-DCP> 3-MCPD>1,3-DCP. As compared with E. coli WP2s, the decrease of mutagenic activity and the increase of survival rate in E. coli WP2 $(WP2s\;uvrA^+)$ suggest that DNA lesions produced by chloropropanols could be easily removed by excision-repair system. From the diminution of mutagenic activity and survival rate in E. coli CM611 (WP2s lexA), it was confirmed that the mutagenesis by chloropropanols was dependent on the SOS-repair system. This fact could be also confirmed from the result that both the mutagenic activity and survival rate in E. coli TK610 (umuC) were much lower than those in E. coli TK603 $(umuC^+)$. In the experiment to examine the possibility that chloropropanols might have effects on the LexA of SOS response negative regulator, there was no variation in ${\beta}-galactosidase$ activities of E. coli GW1105 $[lexA3\;(Ind^-)]$ and GW1107 [lexA51 (Def)] by addition of the compounds, indicating that chloropropanols do not have any effects on the LexA, itself.

Keywords

chloropropanols;mutagenic mechanism;SOS repair system;excision-repair