Effects of Cooking Methods on Composition of Polyunsaturated and Other Fatty Acids in Saury (Cololabis seira)

조리방법이 꽁치(Cololabis seira)의 고도불포화지방산 및 주요 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 1999.08.31

Abstract

The edible portions of saury were cooked by pan frying, deep fat frying, steaming and microwave cooking to compare the compositions of fatty acids in cooked fish with those in raw fish. The total lipid in saury studied varied by each fish but ranged from 21.87% to 30.63%. The distribution of each fatty acid (average) was in order; $C_{22:1}\;(21.75%)>C_{20:1}\;(15.81%)>C_{16:0}\;(11.75%)>C_{22:6}\;(DHA,\;10.61%)>C_{14:0}\;(7.04%)>C_{20:5}\;(EPA,\;5.13%)$. The average ratio of PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids)/SFA (saturated fatty acids) in saury fillet was 1.07 and that of n-3/n-6 was 9.15, which showed saury might be a good source for PUFA including n-3 fatty acids. Comparing the effects of cooking on EPA and DHA, two of the most important n-3 PUFA, the decreasing rate of EPA were 6.98% (pan frying), 26.93% (deep fat frying), 1.16% (steaming) and 15.12% (microwave cooking), respectively. The decreasing rate of DHA ware 4.30% (pan frying), 15.99% (deep fat frying), 3.26% (steaming) and 9.56% (microwave cooking). This study showed that both EPA and DHA were reduced by steaming least, and pan frying, microwave cooking, deep fat frying most, in order.

Keywords

cooking;(n-3,n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids;DHA;EPA;saury