Monitoring for the Color Formation of a Doraji Tea by Soaking of Threonine and Sucrose Solution and Roasting

Threonine과 Sucrose 용액에 침지 및 볶음에 의한 도라지차의 색상 발현 모니터링

  • Published : 1999.08.31

Abstract

Response surface methodology (RSM) was used for monitoring the changes of Hunter's color and organoleptic colors of roasted doraji tea with variations in threonine concentration of soaking solution and roasting condition. In soaking and roasting processes based on the central composite design with variations in threonine concentration of soaking solution, roasting temperature and roasting time, coefficients of determinations $(R^{2})$ of the models were above 0.87 (p<0.05) in Hunter's color parameters and organoleptic color. Hunter's color L value of roasted doragi tea was maximized in 0.09% threonine concentration of soaking solution, $142.37^{\circ}C$ and 21.94 min in roasting condition. Hunter's color a value of roasted doragi tea was maximized in 1.24% threonine concentration of soaking solution, $154.01^{\circ}C$ and 28.59 min in roasting condition, minimized in 1.67% threonine concentration of soaking solution, $137.61^{\circ}C$ and 24.62 min in roasting condition, Hunter's color b value of roasted doragi tea was maximized in 1.10% threonine concentration of soaking solution, $154.72^{\circ}C$ and 27.12 min in roasting condition. The maximum quality of organoleptic color of roasted doragi tea was soaked in 1.25% threonine concentration, and roasted at $141.81^{\circ}C$ for 34.14 min.

Keywords

color formation;roasted doraji tea;organoleptic color;monitoring;RSM