Studies on the Physicochemical Characteristics of Sesame with Roasting Temperature

볶음과정에서의 참깨의 물리화학적 특성변화

  • Published : 1999.10.31

Abstract

The change of physicochemical characteristics of sesame with roasting temperature$(110^{\circ}C{\sim}230^{\circ}C)$ were investigated to get a useful index which needs to manufacture roasted sesame and sesame oils, In the physicochemical properties of roasted sesame, the contents of moisture, specific volume, oil yields and sesame cakes were changed significantly above $170^{\circ}C$. Fat and protein in sesame cakes were changed slightly. Desirable roasting temperature was $220^{\circ}C$ in considering oil yields and sensory qualities. Total amino acids such as arginine, serine, threonine, lysine. cystine, tyrosine and most of the free amino acids, and sucrose of free sugars were reduced significantly above $170^{\circ}C$ and $190^{\circ}C$. respectively. These reductions of sugar and amino compounds were assumed to play an important role in Maillard reaction for the formation of browning pigment, taste and aroma. It was confirmed that this reaction was pyrolytic degradation which took place in water-deficient and oil-rich system at relatively high temperature.

Keywords

roasting temperature;physicochemical characteristics;sesame oil