Analysis of Residual Solvents in Food Packaging Materials Using Solid Phase Microextraction Method

Solid Phase Microextraction법을 이용한 식품포장재 중의 잔류용제 분석

  • Published : 1999.03.01


Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used for the determination of 6 standard solvents (methanol, isopropanol, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, cyclohexane, toluene) in food packaging materials. SPME method is a solvent-free sample preparation technique in which a fused silica fiber coated with polymeric organic liquid is introduced into the headspace above the sample. SPME method using fiber coated polydimethylisiloxane (PDMS) was compared with static headspace (SHS) method used as a reference. It was found that the optimal adsorption condition using PDMS-SPME method was 2$0^{\circ}C$ for 15 minutes for the standard solvents. Detection limits, linearity, reproducibility and recovery of both SHS and PDMS-SPME methods have been determined using 6 standard solvents. Both methods were characterized by high reproducibility and good linearity. Using SHS methods, the mean recovery of the 6 standard solvents was ranged from 75.5% to 105.8% with a mean relative standard deviation (RSD) of 0.3% to 4.8%. With PDMS-SPME method, the mean recovery of the 6 standard solvents was ranged from 86.7% to 108.3% with a mean RSD of 0.4% to 2.5%. The detection limits of both methods were the same for toluene, cyclohexane and methyl ethyl ketone; those of PDMS-SPME method were higher than those of SHS method for methanol, isopropanol and ethyl acetate. PDMS-SPME fiber shoed excellent adsorption for non-polar solvents such as toluene, while it showed relatively low adsorption for polar solvents such as methanol.