Comparisons of Volatile Compounds of Pinus densiflora on Kinds of Extraction Solvent and Parts of Pinus

솔 부위 및 추출 용매를 달리한 솔향의 분석

  • 이양봉 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 조지은 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 이미정 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 윤정로 (강릉대학교 식품과학과)
  • Published : 1999.10.01

Abstract

Volatile compounds from twigs, needles and sprouts in Pinus densiflora were extracted with n hexane, diethyl ether or ethanol for 24 hours, and the extracted compounds were separated and identified by gas chromatography and mass selective detector. The kinds and amount of volatile compounds extracted from three parts of Pinus densiflora were different in solvent extraction and the extraction by the modified Liken Nickerson apparatus. The contents of volatile compounds of twigs contained more than those of needles and sprouts, and the volatile compounds were extracted more in n hexane than the others. In the extraction with hexane, the main volatile compounds of twigs were 18.5% pinene, 14.5% limonene, 12.7% pinene and 3.2% myrcene. Sprouts were 16.8% limonene, 4.4% pinene, 4.3% pinene and 1.7% myrcene. Needles contained 14.7% pinene, 5.4% pinene, 2.2% limonene and 0.8% myrcene. The highest yield for pine aroma was shown in the extraction from pine twigs with n hexane, and in this extraction the amounts of pinene, pinene and limonene were 742 g, 1108 g and 922 g per gram sample, respectively.

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